These top 5 causes of injuries for children and infants are listed below. The information was all obtained from reports of unintentional injury to children and infants.
- Poisoning(e.g., drug overdoses)
Common poisoning causes are,
- Plants- house plants and outside plants
- Medicines-prescription and over the counter
- Cleaning agents-pod laundry soaps are concentrated
- Mushrooms- whether they grow on your lawn or the forest
Never put chemicals or poisons in another bottle.
In Ontario call the Poison control 1-800-268-9017 1, 7
- Motor vehicle traffic 6
- Causes the most death of children than any other unintentional injury.
- Rates are higher in rural areas
- Seatbelts- Make sure your child is in the proper safety seat and belted properly. This can reduce significant injury up to 84%
- Burns 2
- 75 % of infants and children are burned by scalds are preventable
- Hot water burns cause more injuries and deaths than any other hot liquids for Children> 3
- Drowning 3
- Children between the ages of 0 and 9 years represented the largest proportion of drowning-related cases at 79%
- The majority (57%) of drownings occurred in swimming pools in both residential and public settings.
- children and infants aged 4 years or younger represent 49 % of drownings.
- 125 drowning-related cases occurred in bathtubs
- 80% involved children aged 1 year or younger.
5. Falls 5
- Windows, Porches and Balconies-Children as old as 5 years old can fit through a 15 cm (6”) opening, so lock your windows or use window stops.
- Stairs-use gates at the top and bottom of stairways and keep them closed
- Furniture- Children climbing up furniture can pull objects onto themselves, such as bookshelves.
- Strollers and shopping carts-use the straps provided and ensure they are tight enough.
- Playgrounds-Are the most dangerous for 5-9 years old that swing, climb and jump. Choose playgrounds that have soft ground to absorb impacts. Avoid grass, dirt, tar or gravel ground covering.
- News | OPC (ontariopoisoncentre.ca)